Establishing a Business: Choose your type of trade.


Deciding to work for yourself is a dream for many people working across the UK. Better pay, more hours, and a more manageable life balance are just a few reasons people want to become self-employed. Should you be a sole trader or create an LLC or an association? The right type of trading is an important decision to make early.

As the rate of vaccination increases and lockdown restrictions ease, this could be the right time to establish the company you’ve planned to set up in the past year.

Before you begin, you should be sure to choose the appropriate kind of company for your needs.

The method you choose to register your business could affect your taxes, the amount you take home, your legal obligations, and your finances. Therefore, it’s essential to consider every option before making a decision.

Sole trader

Being a sole trader is the most popular method of conducting business, with more than 60% of UK companies that operate as a single.

It’s easy to start, and you can do it with the simple online registration process with HMRC. But, be sure to sign up before the end of the tax year in question due to the possibility of penalties for registration that is late.

It’s the most straightforward method of operating your business since it bonds the company and you as a legal entity. You’ll be taxed on your company’s earnings and not on the amount you’ve earned from it for payment.

To pay tax and pay tax, you’ll need to complete a Self Assessment Tax Return (SATR) that will list your expenses and income and will be taxed following your trading earnings.

In addition to tax on income in the tax year 2021/22, you’ll also have to pay PS3.05 per week for Class 2. National Insurance if your profits exceed PS6,515 and class 4. National Insurance worked out at 9 percent of your earnings above PS9,569, the PS50,270 mark (and 2 percent after that).

You must sign up for VAT if your VAT-taxable revenue exceeds the threshold, which is currently PS85,000.

There’s a risk of financial loss associated with being a sole trader since you’ll be personally accountable for any debts incurred by the business. If things aren’t in order, you could accrue debts, threatening your finances and possibly your belongings.

Limited company

As sole trader companies grow and expand, they may reach the point at which it’s no longer beneficial for you economically or financially to continue to operate solely trading.

Employing employees, signing more significant contracts, applying for business loans, or just experiencing a substantial increase in profits, the efficiency of your business could increase, as well as personal liability if you’re operating as a sole trader.

Each of these scenarios can be an opportunity to consider a move to becoming a limited company which is the next step to establishing your business as a separate legal entity. In the event of debt, your company’s liability is restricted to assets owned by the business, leaving personal assets such as your home and vehicle secure.

This isn’t the sole reason why sole traders decide on a limited-sized business. You’ll benefit from having a well-established company and better options for tax planning.

Incorporating your business or becoming a limited company director is simple. You’ll need to select your name, join Companies House, and register for tax payments such as VAT and PAYE through HMRC.

It’s all possible on the internet, and there’s a wealth of guides on how to do it and accountants who can help ease some of the work.

Alongside directors’ duties, such as keeping documents up-to-date, Being limited also means you’ll have more freedom regarding how you run your company. You could, for instance, offer yourself a lower wage and leave the funds in the business to invest or hire new employees.

Along with paying corporation tax, which is 19 percent of the profits earned during the financial year – you could be required to sign up for VAT if your income is higher than PS85,000. If your earnings exceed the PS12,500 threshold per year, you may be subject to PAYE income tax and National Insurance contributions.

Dividends that are paid out of a company’s profits will be taxed at 7.5 percent at the standard tax rate. 32.5 percent at the top rate and 38.1 percent at the higher rate. However, there isn’t National Insurance to pay dividends. It is important to note that an accountant can be in a position to offer suggestions on how you can organize your compensation to be tax-efficient.

Limiting your options is a significant choice that demands careful and thoughtful planning. However, as you make the right choice for your company, it can be the foundation to expand your business while ensuring a simple tax planning method.


A partnership company is created by having two self-employed persons collaborate as the proprietors of a company that shares gains and losses. The status of trading is similar to sole traders since an unlimited liability binds the partners’ personal assets to assets that belong to the company.

The most crucial aspect of establishing the type of business you want to develop is the drawing of a deed partnership that outlines the amount each partner contributed, how losses and profits are distributed, and who is accountable for accounting. In the league, tax rules require that each partner pay the tax and National Insurance on their part in the earnings.

That means that you’re not doing it all on your own, and you’ll be able to divide the burden of responsibility between you and your business partner. You can also consider using capital to generate additional funds to grow. But, as your business expands, tough decisions will be required, and keeping the same mindset as your partner is essential.

Limited Liability Partnerships

A Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is a trading entity commonly utilized by accountants and solicitors; however, it is also a viable option for firms from all sectors.

An LLP is created as an independent legal entity separate from its partners. The partners will only be held accountable for the amount they’ve put into themselves, and any personal guarantees are given. An LLP must register with HMRC and will only be a limited liability entity when the business has profits.

To establish an LLP, it is necessary to confirm an official business address and keep a list of partners. There must be at least two persons in charge of filing statutory documents and other legal obligations. LLCs are established by a contract that defines how the company will operate, how profit sharing is handled, how disputes are solved, and each partner’s specific obligations.

Think about all possibilities before you take the plunge

Self-employment is a significant moment in everyone’s life and something you should consider carefully. The best choice for you is based on the kind of company you’d like to begin, your projected financials, and the goals for the long-term success of your business.

The decision you make is crucial when setting up your business for success and laying a solid base from which to build in the future.

Brian Santiago

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