According to a meta-analysis, the active learning contributes to reducing the feeling of discomfort caused by the isolation because that is transformed into a contextualized and self-responsible learning process.
The well-being of students should be a component of your education, this is according to themeta-analys is published in Frontier sentitled“ Trends of Active Learning in Higher Education and Students’ Well-Being: A Literature Review”. According to the meta-analysis, this topic should be included in the curriculum reform in all countries.
January 1, 2016 came into force there solution of the United Nations, entitled “Transforming our world: the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, whose purpose is to build an equitable world and universal. The authors highlight the objectives three and four, which seek to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages and guarantee an education that is inclusive and equitable quality and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all, respectively.”Due to the pandemic, these goals are far reaching because it stresses the digital divide, educational, and social, exacerbating socio-economic disparities and even forcing those most affected to leave the school. It is for this reason that, for the authors, the welfare of the students has become a priority.
The meta-analysis found limited academic references on how well-being can become a successful education, even so, they discovered that in Australia, England, New Zealand and Scotland, have been making adjustments to curriculum to integrate issues related to well-being. Beyond getting students to take an active learning that makes them read, write, discuss, solve problems, analyze, synthesize, and evaluate, they must also think of what they are doing, look at your emotions, attitudes, and values to become involved in projects beyond the classroom to work with the community. This with the purpose of students to see “the process of learning as a constructive process that brings together people from around the world.”
The collaboration between all of it, according to the analysis, the way of responding to the challenges facing the world today as “the preservation of the environment, poverty, development, socially inclusive and fair, smart cities and sustainable, the mutual respect and the generation of new knowledge to deliver sustainable solutions to social problems”. Along with that, it helps the new generations to adapt to different circumstances and people, contributing to the integration of society. But, what has that to do active learning with the well-being?
Active learning and well-being social-emotional
The authors of the meta-analysis reviewed literature that focused on the use of methodologies of active learning in higher education to find out if they support the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030.searchedWeb of Science, Scopus, and in magazines that published exclusively reviews or are important in the field of higher education, which resulted in six studies: Akinla et al.,2018;van derZanden et al.2018;Kötter et al.,2019;Theelen et al.,2019;Thorburn, 2020;Agasisti and Soncin, 2021.
Among the six publications argue that many students get stressed with the transfer to higher education, the expectations of the university, how to evaluate their performance and, in general, what it means to have success in college. This last point is divided into three: the academic performance of the students, the critical thinking skills and well-being social-emotional.
To reduce the stress of getting into college, Akinlaet al. investigated how medical students have guardians of pairs nearby would help with the transition, in addition to make them grow professionally and personally, and to preserve the well-being. In addition, it is a resource for active learning as it promotes the welfare and academic university community of new income. This is supported by van der Zandenet al. those who describe that involvement helped the social integration and the adjustment of students in place of their general feelings of adjustment.
The effects of the pandemic on the well-being of the student community
The most recent report of the meta-analysis, the Agasisti and Soncin (2021), touches on the theme of the pandemic and how it makes the well-being of central concern for higher education. The authors say that the institutions made significant investments in technology to prepare the classroom for remote learning. This represented a myriad of complex challenges, but showed that “the fundamental objectives of the powers had to be the students, not the method itself.”For Agasisti and Soncin, one of the most essential lessons of this era was the emphasis on relations as these give “meaning to the educational experiences of students, as well as the process through which you develop the research and innovation”.
Among the challenges, ” a study of Defeyteret al.(2021) discussed how several students showed low levels of mental well-being during the pandemic because they did not trust that their universities or government had a good performance in the situation, which impacted his mental well-being, since it conveys a sense of insecurity and discomfort. To really achieve the goals of well-being in education there should be an emphasis on educators, students, government institutions, and to the concept of academic achievement wider. All of this is to provide the teachers with a higher sense of professional autonomy and can provide learning experiences that are more comprehensive for their students.
Promote mental well-being and emotional of the student improves their self-esteem and your life as it provides emotional balance and coping with feelings of depression or isolation. Higher education institutions should provide active learning where students have autonomy and the ability to decide as long as you cooperate with your community. The authors explain that “learning with these approaches, reducing the feeling of discomfort caused by the isolation (or even loneliness), and the ambiguity of the situation, as it is transformed in a contextualized and self-responsible learning process that takes into account the skills and restrictions of each individual.”
The Agenda 2030 of the United Nations aspire to universal literacy and equitable access to quality education at all levels, to health and social protection, and where to secure the physical, mental and social. However, the meta-analysis shows that there is a lack of interest by the scientific community and the institutions themselves. You need to invest in research on active learning and the well-being of students, especially in countries belonging to socially disadvantaged or suffering from the digital divide further to interpret more widely well-being and how to comply with the objectives of the 2030 Agenda.
In the past few years have seen the importance of focusing on the well-being of the student, and, as the authors say, “all hold that the well-being should be emphasized as a component of education.”